Increased amounts of squamous epithelial cells in urine point to contamination of the urine. Doctors attribute this to a specimen that was most likely contaminated from the outside of the urinary tract. Health Encyclopedia: Microscopic Urinalysis [cited 2017 Feb 12]; [about 2 screens]. Move the collection container under your urine stream. Women should open their labia and clean from front to back. Available from: Lab Tests Online [Internet]. squamous, renal tubular, and transitional cells. However, the urinary tract is composed of three types of epithelial cells, i.e. To learn what your results mean, talk to your health care provider. However, a large amount of cells warrants a look under the microscope in the lab. Results are often reported as an approximate amount, such as "few," moderate," or "many" cells. Urinalysis: Three Types of Examinations [cited 2017 Feb 12]; [about 2 screens]. The medical information provided is for informational purposes only, and is not to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Epithelial cells in urine may be a cause for concern if the numbers are higher than normal. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; c1998â2017. Surgery may also be required in serious cases of bladder infection. However, the urinary tract is composed of three types of epithelial cells, i.e. Viral Attack: Epithelial Cell [cited 2017 Feb 12]; [about 4 screens]. Please contact your health care provider with questions you may have regarding medical conditions or the interpretation of test results. The lab can look for certain cells that may be coming from the renal tubules, which are responsible for producing urine and filtering the blood. The clean catch method includes the following steps: You don't need any special preparations for the test. Epithelial cells are a type of cell that lines the surfaces of your body. macroscopic and microscopic analysis of the urine sample. The normal range is less than 15-20 cells per high power field (HPF). This means your fluid intake should be increased and urine retested. It is rare to see the cells from the kidneys. Rochester (NY): University of Rochester Medical Center; c2017. Its presence can indicate a kidney issue. Never touch the inside of a urine collection container before using. Your health care provider may have ordered an epithelial cells in urine test as part of your regular checkup or if your visual or chemical urine tests showed abnormal results. Available from: Hinkle J, Cheever K. Brunner & Suddarth's Handbook of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests. These symptoms may include: Your health care provider will need to collect a sample of your urine. There are two parts to a urinalysis, i.e. Urine testing should move forward to see where exactly the cells are coming from and the exact number of them. The container will have markings to indicate the amounts. Available from: National Cancer Institute [Internet]. A few of the reasons include: Copyright WWW.NEWHEALTHADVISOR.ORG © 2020, All rights Reserved. Available from: Simerville J, Maxted C, Pahira J. Urinalysis: A Comprehensive Review. It is a urine test that is often conducted by doctors to gain insights into the overall health of an individual. Epithelial cells are cells that come from surfaces of your body, such as your skin, blood vessels, urinary tract, or organs. These are the cells that line the kidneys, ureters, bladder and the urethra. For example, the doctor can understand that excessive number of transitional epithelial cells in urine may indicate an issue with the bladder. After the spinning machine stops, a clear liquid part at the top of the tube, and a sedimentary part at the bottom of the tube, is detected by the lab agent. A large amount may indicate an infection, kidney disease, or other serious medical condition. It is however important to remember that the exact count of the epithelial cells in urine can only be gauged after a microscopic analysis of the urine sediment. Urinalysis: The Test Sample [updated 2016 May 26; cited 2017 Feb 12]; [about 3 screens]. American Association for Clinical Chemistry; c2001â2017. An epithelial cells in urine test is part of a microscopic exam of urine. Available from: Saint Francis Health System [Internet]. The epithelial tissue is formed when different types of epithelial cells bind together. An epithelial cells in urine test looks at urine under a microscope to see if the number of your epithelial cells is in the normal range. Available from: Lab Tests Online [Internet]. Epithelial cells in urine is a diagnostic result found during urinalysis and may raise some red flags for physicians, signifying several possibly pathological problems for the kidneys. Epithelial tissues or cells are one of the most important cells found in the human body. A raised amount of epithelial cells in the urine may indicate an infection or other health condition. The cells normally appear in very small amount in the urine. Large amounts of cells may just be that you did not use the provided wipes to clean your genitals or the cups you used for collection may have been soiled. They then send it off to the lab for a full urinalysis to look for: A full urinalysis can find urinary tract infection, kidney damage/disease, diabetes, or kidney stones. This is one of the primary reasons why urinalysis is an essential part of most routine checkups advised by different physicians. They can tell where the cells are coming from and do further workup to find the problem. A bladder infection may require treatment with medications such as antibiotics and lifestyle changes.