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The corners of the eyes are incised with additional triangular elements. 5 Shanghai Cultural Relics Management Committee, “Fuquanshan”, Wen Wu Chubanshe (Cultural Relics Press), October 2000, first edition. Mining & Working. The invention of pottery and ceramics marked the advent of the New Stone Age in China around 6,000 years ago. "They were only discovered in the graves of the highest echelons of Liangzhu society," Liu says. The imagery of tier one and tier two merges to form a humanoid-deity and animal combined mask that is essentially a simplified representation of a ‘Liangzhu Shaman’. 1). A three-tiered cong like the present example comprising one humanoid-deity and animal combined mask with an additional humanoid-deity mask are remarkably rare. The jade from this culture is characterized by large, finely worked ritual jades, commonly incised with the taotie motif. In the graves of female nobles, disc-shaped jades called bi are commonly praised for their elegance. When the "king of yue", the largest item of its kind is put on display, it attracts a great deal of attention not just due to its size, but for its solemn character. The quality of the stone is superb with some bluish crystalline spots and russet speckles. 4). Updated: 2019-07-25 07:55. The second is the jade cong discovered at the Yaoshan Site in Yuhang, Zhejiang (No. The first tier shows a humanoid-deity mask wearing a headdress. 12 at the Fanshan Site in Yuhang, Zhejiang (No. More than 1,000 jade articles were found in the cemetery. 1). The bi and cong are objects only found in jade in early periods, thought to have had religious or cosmic significance. The site at Liangzhu was discovered in Yuhang County, Zhejiang, and initially excavated by Shi Xingeng in 1936. 4 Fuquanshan Archaeological Team, “Excavation of Wujiachang Cemetery at the Fuquanshan Site in Shanghai”, Zhongguo Wen Wu Bao (China Cultural Relics), October 21, 2011. By Wang Kaihao | These are presumed to have been symbols of political power or possibly religious authority. high, box, Jinhuatang Collection, acquired in Hong Kong in 1997. Yu-Fan M17:2)1 (fig. Jade has been used in virtually all periods of Chinese history and generally accords with the characteristic decorative style of each period. Below the headdress are the facial features of the mask with the double-circles representing the eyes. Specialist Sherese Tong advises on how to start a collection, An expert guide to palettes, glazes, reign marks and different kilns, featuring outstanding examples offered from the Leonora and Walter F. Brown Collection, As the literary world anticipates the 200th anniversary of the poet’s death, Christie’s offers a rare portrait as well as one of nine known death masks, The Victor Martin-Malburet Collection features more than 2,400 images, many of them previously unpublished, spanning the late 1940s to the 1970s, The Chang Wei-Hwa Collection of Archaic Jades, Part I - Neolithic Period. However, it lacks the finely incised cloud-scrolls between the two projected bars and on the eyelids of the animal masks. 3). "That way, people can gain a more complete view of the ritual systems back then.". The masks on the upper and lower registers are nearly identical with incised eyes above the mouth with fine cloud-scrolls and below a headdress with two horizontal ridges bordering a band of alternating cloud-scrolls and criss-cross pattern. The masks in the central register are more ornate and represent an animal mask with similar mouth below scroll-filled ovoid eyes with plain cicular centres joined by an arched area of similar scrolls. According to archaeological reports, only four such three-tiered Liangzhu jade cong have been discovered to date. Liangzhu Jade Bi: Jade bi from the Liangzhu culture; the ritual object is a symbol of wealth and military power. Drilled from both ends, the large central aperture is enclosed by relatively thin walls. Many Liangzhu jade artifacts had a white, milky, bone-like aspect due to their tremolite rock origin and the influence of water-based fluids at burial sites, although jade made from actinolite and serpentine were also common. Cecilia Zi, Kate Hunt and Christie’s CEO Guillaume Cerutti on a pair of gold and silver-inlaid bronze chariot fittings fashioned in the region of 2,400 years ago, A 360-view of Dalva Brothers: Parisian Taste in New York, showcasing the finest examples of 18th century French furniture, porcelain and sculpture, The tiny and exquisitely beautiful curiosities that once housed tobacco are highly prized.

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